A new puppy or dog
should be taken to the vet within the first week of arrival to his new home or as soon as
possible. You should set up an inoculation schedule and get a complete checkup
done. Bring any shot information and a small stool sample so your dog can be
checked for the presence of worms. Worms are common in puppies and although they
sound bad can in most cases be eradicated easily.
(Tracheobronchitis) Kennel Cough is a contagious respiratory infection in dogs.
its name from the fact that dogs often catch it while boarding at a kennel where
they are exposed
to other dog who either have the disease or are carries of it. It is mentioned
here because many a puppy that goes through the shipping process can be exposed
to the virus. Although breeders may have inoculated, there are no
effective due to the many different strains. They may also be totally unaware of
the presence of this
airborne virus in their kennel. Kennel Cough will generally run its course in a
week or two. Over the counter
cough suppressants or honey are often used to relieve the irritation along with
antibiotics to prevent
should inspect your puppy or dog routinely for the presence of ticks, fleas and
can visibly be seen clinging to the dogs skin and can be removed with a pair of
Disinfect the area with alcohol after removal.
will make your dog scratch like crazy and can cause red "hot spots" that need to
immediately. The first sign is a thinning of the hair in the neck area or base
of the tail. It becomes very
inflamed and red, quickly developing an intense itch that scabs over causing
bare spots in that area. Most
over the counter products do not work in the control of fleas once they take
hold. The dog, bedding
and living area must be
treated simultaneously with Vet strength flea preparations to effectively remove
The general signs that your dog may have worms are change in appetite, lack
luster in their coat, change in stool with possible diarrhea, fresh blood and anemia. Some worms
can be seen in the
dogs' stool like round or tapeworms and will be unmistakable because they move.
like spaghetti and tapeworms look like flat pieces of rice. Hook and Whipworms
usually cause fresh
blood in the stool and are less likely to be seen. At some point in a dog's life
they will get worms.
It is not necessarily due to lack of care or unthrifty conditions but part of a
dog's life. Dogs get
worms in many ways, some can enter the skin by a dog walking through an infected
sniffing up the eggs of the worm or by swallowing an infected host such as the
flea that carry
tapeworm eggs. All worms can be treated effectively with preparations available
presence of worms in your dog can change your dogs' behavior. The discomfort can
make your dog nippy, aggressive, diggers, object eaters and exhibit other
Puppies and dogs
should be bathed with a soap that is pH balanced and made for their coats. Over bathing is not recommended, usually no more than twice a month is sufficient. To
many baths can lead to a dried out coat and itchy skin. Many preparations
are readily available in Pet Supply Stores.
Coat care in the Rat
Terrier is fairly easy, a daily brushing is all that is needed. This removes any
hair and keeps the coat shiny and healthy. The amount of shedding that your dog
dependent upon how your dog is kept. Dogs that go outside on a regular basis will
generally shed twice a year.
In early Spring they will loose their winter undercoat and then in late fall
they will push out their coat
and develop their winter one. If he is kept in the house most of the time he
will shed his coat
constantly. This can be controlled by the use of over the counter products like
Mirra Coat and
Linatone or by adding a teaspoon of Olive, Corn oil or Omega 3 to his daily diet. A
cooked scrambled egg once a
week added to his food also gives a nice shine to the coat.
Puppies have 28 teeth
and the adult dog has 42 teeth. At four months of age their baby teeth will
to fall out and the teething process begins lasting through the next several
months until their adult
teeth are fully in. Brushing of the teeth should be started at a young age with
one of the many
products on the market. Dogs will actually enjoy having their teeth brushed if
they learn it at a young age.
Good chew toys for keeping their gums and teeth healthy are Nyla-bone products,
packaged sterile natural bones, rope toys and new fangled dental toys that are purchased at a pet supply store. They
massage the gums and scrap
tartar off their teeth. Avoid raw hide bones and table scrap bones as these can
splinter or break
off and get lodged in your dogs stomach or intestines.
Accustom your dog
to routine nail cutting if he lives primarily in the house. Start accustoming
him to having
his feet touched early. A dog can become very difficult if he is not use to
having his feet touched
or nails trimmed. If they run outside a lot they usually trim their nails down
naturally and require
Most hard rubber
or latex toys are safe for your dog. Avoid furry stuffed animals and cloth
bones because the fur, fibers and string can and will get lodged in the dogs
throat causing irritation and worse. Choose a toy by what
is safe for your dog not for what you think looks cute.